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As Stanley shows through his experiment, obedience is not something that can be demanded from a person. Obedience is more a personal choice rather than an enforced action.
In any place where obedience exists, there must be an authoritative organ. Milgram considers authority to be present in every aspect of community life. When people live in the society, there must be a certain form of authority that must check activities of the members of the community.
Due to the fact that authority must be present in the society, people should be responsible and obey the authority that is present in their context.
Stanley Milgram observes that adult human beings normally obey anything they are told by the authority which is over them. He wonders why adults must always obey everything that they are told by the authorities. So, to make sure that experiment is practical and understood, Milgram decides to place his subjects in a scenario where their values conflict each other.
He takes three subjects, including a student, a teacher and an instructor and puts them in the experiment Blass, He states that the issues of authority and obedience started in ancient times as seen in the Bible. In addition, people like Plato commented on the issue with regard to instances where authoritative requirements conflict with personal conscience.
Conservative philosophers argued in favor of obedience because they were of the judgment that disobedience to the authority threaten the harmony that societies should have. On the other hand, humanists claim emphasizes importance to the issues of individual conscience. They support the notion that when issues of obedience surpass or violate personal conscience, then individual must follow his conscience.
Essay on disobedience. December 1, August 31, Srinivas. Disobedience. Obedience is a virtue which our elderly teaches us; however, sometimes disobedience becomes a virtue too, as it proves one’s ability to stand against a wrong. In the article on the “Rough Rider. The Milgram Experiment The Milgram Study is a study of social obedience and human interaction with authority figures and conformity. The study began in July of , and was conducted by Yale University psychologist Stanley Milgram. Christies word essay on obedience and how I am going to ensure I don’t make the same mistake again. Obedience is defined as submissive to the restraint or command of authority; willing to obey. Obey is defined as 1. to follow the commands or guidance of, 2. To conform to or comply with (obey and order).
Milgram criticizes the legal and philosophical aspects of authority and obedience. His view is that, despite the fact that legal and philosophical aspects of disobedience are important in addressing the topic, they are very shallow because they do not address concrete issues about the behavior of people in different situations.
This is the main reason why Milgram established his experiment because he wanted to address the shortcomings of philosophical and legal issues towards obedience and authority.
He sets up an experiment where he investigates how much pain a person may inflict on another person just because he has been told to do so. The instructor told the teacher that the test was a memory test where the learner was expected to answer all questions directly.
However, in instances where the learner would fail a question, the teacher was supposed to shock the learner with a voltage, varying from 15 volts to volts.
The only way for the teacher to get out of the experiment was to disobey the instructor. In the experiment, Milgram asks people for predictions of the outcomes.
Many respondents predicted that the teacher would perform the test but would not go past volts. They also predicted that out of one thousand teachers, only one would reach volts.
The experiment did not offer any incentive. In addition, it did not compel or threaten the teacher to perform the experiment. Respondents tried to explain their answers by saying that all people have aggressive and violent behavioral traits.
However, they were proved to be wrong when thirty-eight out of forty teachers stopped at the slight sight of pain.
All people tend to obey authority to certain extents in the society. In most cases, people obey the authority when they know that they can get positive feedbacks from it. There must be a certain reward that a person will get from his obedience in order to obey authority.
However, when obedience does not contribute anything towards getting any kind of benefits of the person, then it becomes useless.You can also order a custom term paper, research paper, thesis, dissertation or essay on civil disobedience from our custom essay writing service which provides students with prime-quality custom written papers.
avg. rating (50% score) - 3 votes. Essay about Factors Influencing Conformity and Obedience. Factors Influencing Conformity and Obedience The object of this paper is to critically evaluate factors influencing conformity and obedience. The Milgram Experiment Essay; The Milgram Experiment Essay.
Words Feb 10th, 5 Pages. Show More. The Milgram Experiment Stanley Milgram, a famous social psychologist, and student of Solomon Asch, conducted a controversial experiment in , investigating obedience to authority ().
The experiment was held to see if a subject would. Psychologists, social scientists and writers have long been interested in the ‘whys’ of obedience and disobedience; many experiments have been conducted to help in understanding these issues and the influences exerted by outside forces on individuals in their decision making [ ].
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