The Definition of Event Management Event management is the process by which an event is planned, prepared, and produced. As with any other form of management, it encompasses the assessment, definition, acquisition, allocation, direction, control, and analysis of time, finances, people, products, services, and other resources to achieve objectives. The Scope of the Event Management Profession Event management encompasses a multitude of types of events. Although the industry has delineated itself into various categories, all represent the planning and production of an event that brings people together at a particular time, in a particular place, for a particular purpose.
Recommended format for a Research Protocol Part 1 Project summary Like the abstract of a research paper, the project summary, should be no more than words and at the most a page long font size 12, single spacing.
Provided preferably on a separate page, it should summarize all the central elements of the protocol, for example the rationale, objectives, methods, populations, time frame, and expected outcomes. It should stand on its own, and not refer the reader to points in the project description. General information Protocol title, protocol identifying number if anyand date.
Name and title of the investigator s who is are responsible for conducting the research, and the address and telephone number s of the research site sincluding responsibilities of each. It is the equivalent to the introduction in a research paper and it puts the proposal in context.
It should answer the question of why and what: The magnitude, frequency, affected geographical areas, ethnic and gender considerations, etc of the problem should be followed by a brief description of the most relevant studies published on the subject.
References of literature cited in preceding sections References can also be listed at the end of Part 1. Study goals and objectives Goals are broad statements of what the proposal hopes to accomplish. They create a setting for the proposal. Specific objectives are statements of the research question s.
Objectives should be simple not complexspecific not vagueand stated in advance not after the research is done.
After statement of the primary objective, secondary objectives may be mentioned. Study Design The scientific integrity of the study and the credibility of the study data depend substantially on the study design and methodology.
The design of the study should include information on the type of study, the research population or the sampling frame, and who can take part e. For example, a study may be described as being a basic science research, epidemiologic or social science research, it may also be described as observational or interventional; if observational, it may be either descriptive or analytic, if analytic it could either be cross-sectional or longitudinal etc.
If experimental, it may be described as a controlled or a non controlled study. The link below provides more information on how to describe a research study Click here Methodology The methodology section is the most important part of the protocol.
It should include detailed information on the interventions to be made, procedures to be used, measurements to be taken, observations to be made, laboratory investigations to be done etc. If multiple sites are engaged in a specified protocol, methodology should be standardized and clearly defined.
Interventions could also be in the realm of social sciences for example providing training or information to groups of individuals.
Procedures could be biomedical collection of blood or sputum samples to develop a diagnostic testor in the realm of social sciences doing a questionnaire survey, carrying out a focus group discussion as part of formative research, observation of the participant's environment, etc.
Instruments which are to be used to collect information questionnaires, FGD guides, observation recording form, case report forms etc.
In the case of a randomized controlled trial additional information on the process of randomization and blinding, description of stopping rules for individuals, for part of the study or entire study, the procedures and conditions for breaking the codes etc.
A graphic outline of the study design and procedures using a flow diagram must be provided. This should include the timing of assessments.
Safety Considerations The safety of research participants is foremost. Safety aspects of the research should always be kept in mind and information provided in the protocol on how the safety of research participants will be ensured.
This can include procedures for recording and reporting adverse events and their follow-up, for example. It is useful to remember that even administering a research questionnaire can have adverse effects on individuals. Follow-Up The research protocol must give a clear indication of what follow up will be provided to the research participants and for how long.
This may include a follow u, especially for adverse events, even after data collection for the research study is completed. Data Management and Statistical Analysis The protocol should provide information on how the data will be managed, including data handling and coding for computer analysis, monitoring and verification.
The statistical methods proposed to be used for the analysis of data should be clearly outlined, including reasons for the sample size selected, power of the study, level of significance to be used, procedures for accounting for any missing or spurious data etc. For projects involving qualitative approaches, specify in sufficient detail how the data will be analysed.
Quality Assurance The protocol should describe the quality control and quality assurance system for the conduct of the study, including GCP, follow up by clinical monitors, DSMB, data management etc. Expected Outcomes of the Study The protocol should indicate how the study will contribute to advancement of knowledge, how the results will be utilized, not only in publications but also how they will likely affect health care, health systems, or health policies.
Publication policy should be clearly discussed- for example who will take the lead in publication and who will be acknowledged in publications, etc. Duration of the Project The protocol should specify the time that each phase of the project is likely to take, along with a detailed month by month timeline for each activity to be undertaken.
Problems Anticipated This section should discuss the difficulties that the investigators anticipate in successfully completing their projects within the time frame stipulated and the funding requested.
It should also offer possible solutions to deal with these difficulties. Project Management This section should describe the role and responsibility of each member of the team Ethics The protocol should have a description of ethical considerations relating to the study.
This should not be limited to providing information on how or from whom the ethics approval will be taken, but this section should document the issues that are likely to raise ethical concerns.
It should also describe how the investigator s plan to obtain informed consent from the research participants the informed consent process.What is Codius? Codius is an open hosting protocol. It makes it very easy to upload a program, whether you want it to run on one host or thousands.
In computer networking, the Name/Finger protocol and the Finger user information protocol are simple network protocols for the exchange of human-oriented status and .
May 16, · Save all document attachments with descriptive filenames of 50 characters or less (including spaces). Use unique filenames for all attachments in an application (or within a component of a multi-project application).
NFS Links: Linux NFS-HOWTO NFS-related kernel patches supported by Trond Myklebust NFS-related kernel patches supported by Neil Brown CITI's NFSv4 project. Most science courses will require you to write a protocol prior to conducting an experiment. A protocol is a plan describing how the experiment will be carried out.
Even if it is not required, writing a protocol is a good idea because it will help you to organize your thoughts and ensure that you do not overlook any components of the experiment.
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